Bullinger's research focuses on the role of public policy in child well-being and family stability. Overarching themes in Bullinger's writings include the role of macro-level factors in promoting child health and well-being, the effect of public policy on fertility and maternal health, and quantitative techniques to encourage data-driven policymaking.
Finds that parents' self-reported health status improved significantly post-expansion in states that expanded Medicaid through the ACA by 4 percentage points (p < 0.05), a 4.7% improvement. Discovers no significant changes in children's use of routine doctor visits or parents' assessment of their children's health status. Observes modest decreases in children's body mass index (BMI) of about 2%.
Examines trends in prescription contraceptive sales following the Affordable Care Act's (ACA) zero-copayment contraceptive coverage mandate in areas more likely to be affected by the provision relative to areas less likely to be affected. Compares sales of the intrauterine device (IUD), implant, injectable, pill, ring, and patch in states that had a state-level insurance coverage mandate before the ACA relative to states that did not.
Evaluates the effect of the Affordable Care Act's breast pump health insurance coverage mandate on breastfeeding duration. Finds the ACA mandate increased breastfeeding duration and the duration of exclusive breastfeeding among the eligible population.
Studies the effect of the Affordable Care Act's lactation services and supplies mandate on breastfeeding initiation. Finds the ACA mandate increased the probability of breastfeeding, particularly among disadvantaged mothers.
Evaluates the effect of state minimum wages on adolescent fertility. Finds that increasing the state's minimum wage reduces adolescent birth rates, especially among White and Hispanic adolescents.
Evaluates the effect of state minimum wages on child maltreatment rates. Finds that increasing the state's minimum wage reduces reports of child maltreatment, particularly for neglect.
Evaluates the effect of participating in the Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) program on maternal behaviors. Finds WIC increases maternity leave duration and reduces exclusive breastfeeding duration.