Carter's research focuses on public policy design and administration. Overarching themes in Carter's writing include an institutional approach to policy design, regulatory design and administration under the USDA’s National Organic Program, collective action among climbers, and the drivers and implications of multipurpose development districts in the U.S. Carter serves on the Board of Directors of the Salt Lake Climbers Alliance (SLCA), chairs the SLCA's Policy and Conservation Committee, and sits on the SLCA's JEDI (justice, equity, diversity, and inclusivity) Committee.
In the News
Examines how organic inspectors negotiate and internalize the potentially conflicting demands of the decentralized organic regulation program context, and whether the responsibilities that they prioritize shape their propensity to adhere more strictly or loosely to organic regulations.
Argues that certifier reputation is among the more important factors in “regulatee choice” decisions, where voluntary regulatory program participants choose from among certifier alternatives.
Argues that public, nonprofit, and private organizations approach service provision, and may respond to competitive environments, differently, and involving nonprofit and private organizations in regulatory administration leads to the 'bundling' of peripheral services with regulatory functions.
Demonstrates that even though nonprofit and private certifiers rely on regulatee service fees for revenue, raising the concern that nongovernmental certification agents will lower their regulatory stringency to attract and retain regulatee 'clients,' few identifiable differences are evident in public, nonprofit, and private organic certifiers’ regulatory approaches.
Outlines the manners in which U.S. organic food regulation differs from traditional regulatory arrangements, including relying on rule-making advisory board counsel, quasi-voluntary program participation, delegated regulatory authority, and competitive regulatory administration.