Alexander Lovell

PhD Candidate in Political Science, University of Utah

Connect with Alexander

About Alexander

Lovell studies social movements and their interactions with judicial institutions, with a secondary interest in European politics. Specifically, he examines the backlash and reactions to social movement wins and losses at the courts and in the legislature. Lovell is involved with several LGBT civil rights organizations in Utah as well as the Utah and Salt Lake Board of REALTORs®.


"Differentiating the Shadow State from the Non-State: Theory, Explanation and Policy Implications," Charlestown, WV: American Military University, 2012.

Presents the shadow state as a viable alternative to the traditional non-state/state dichotomy. Asserts that the non-state suffers from a definitional problem, and the introduction of a shadow state helps establish better boundaries.